Well-preserved cliff dwellings were occupied by the Salado culture during the 13th, 14th, and early 15th centuries. The people farmed in the Salt River Valley and supplemented their diet by hunting and gathering native wildlife and plants. The Salado were fine craftsmen, producing some of the most exquisite polychrome pottery and intricately woven textiles to be found in the Southwest.
Leashed pets are permitted in some areas of the park, including Lower Cliff Dwelling Trail and Cactus Patch Trail, but are not allowed in the buildings, in the cliff dwellings, or on Upper Cliff Dwelling Trail. Leashes must be no longer than six feet. Pets may not be left unattended in vehicles.