From hiking trails to your own back yard, rattlesnakes can pose a real danger to our pets. Most rattlesnake avoidance classes use aversive pain-based methods, but there are alternatives!

Sign announcing rattlesnakes in the area

Moving to the desert opened my eyes to all kinds of new dangers as a dog owner. In addition to needing essential gear for dog friendly desert hiking in our backpacks, I also learned about rattlesnake avoidance training. Many of my hiking friends have gone through this training with their dogs, and I’ve heard stories of their dogs successfully avoiding snakes on the trail.

But here’s the thing about rattlesnake avoidance training: 99% of the classes out there use e-collars, or electric shock collars. While most of the people I spoke with felt this was better than a rattlesnake bite, I knew there had to be another option.

Who Needs Rattlesnake Training For Dogs?

Overall, less than 1% of dogs and cats in the U.S. are bit by snakes. However, if you live in an area prone to rattlesnakes, your odds are obviously higher. About 85% of rattlesnake bites to dogs occur in the dog’s in the backyard, so if you have a backyard where your pets roam freely, or if you hike with your dog (especially off-leash) in a place where rattlesnakes are common, avoidance training is a good investment to keep your pet safe.

Sidney Hardie, of Southwest Airedale Terrier Rescue, unfortunately learned this lesson the hard way. She’s raised many Airedales on her Tucson acreage without issue. But a few year ago two of her dogs confronted a rattlesnake in the yard.

The vet bill for the dog that took the brunt of the attack? $2,234, plus untold heartache wondering if the dog would pull through after a night in the doggy E.R. (Happily, both dogs are okay!)

READ MORE ⇒ What You Should Know About Emergency Vets (Before You Need One)

Playful airedale terrier dog with ball in mouth

Why Not Shock?

For my dog, Bailey, and me, training has always been fun. So, learning that most snake avoidance classes rely on painful shock collars, I faced a dilemma. Of course, I don’t want Bailey to be bitten by a rattlesnake. But I also don’t want her to suffer during the training process. What makes it worse is that there’s evidence this type of training doesn’t work for all dogs!

Generally in these classes, the dog encounters a live rattlesnake that’s been muzzled, had its fangs removed, or been milked of its venom. Then, while the dog is near the snake, a painful shock is delivered via the e-collar.

Western diamondback rattlesnake

The idea is to teach the dog that snakes equal pain and should be avoided. In theory, this can be an effective strategy. However for some dogs, this type of training can result in unwanted side effects and might even produce the opposite behavior of what’s intended.

Because the trainer cannot control what connections the dog is making, this type of training can be unpredictable. Some dog might develop a fear of oscillating sprinklers, which can sound like a rattlesnake. Other dogs, rather than learning to avoid the snake, could choose to attack instead!


Snake Avoidance Training Without Shock

Given my reservations, I began looking for a different type of rattlesnake training for dogs. I called dozens of Arizona dog trainers. Most of them said that shock collar training was the only option. Fortunately, I kept digging and found Jamie Robinson, a dog and cat trainer in Tucson.

Jamie Robinson, of Brains Bones & Behavior, specializes in many areas of dog training, including medical alert service dog training and canine & feline cancer detection. She uses the same basis of techniques for all of her training — introducing sight, smell, and sound an then teaching the expected behavioral response. In the case of rattlesnake training, the rewarded response is to run away when the dog becomes aware of a snake.

You can take the positive reinforcement snake avoidance course in person in Tucson, Arizona. Options include six weekly classes (with homework!) or attending the course over a weekend. The cost is $125. Or you can order the class online for $65 and progress at your own pace.

Rattlesnake Avoidance without shock

How Does Positive Rattlesnake Avoidance Training For Dogs Work?

With an e-collar, a snake aversion training class might only last one hour. The positive reinforcement method takes longer, but spreading the course over six weeks allows the dogs time to learn without pain. These are the steps:

Step 1: Using real rattlesnake scent, dogs learn to identify the scent of a rattlesnake through positive reinforcement.

Rattlesnake Avoidance for Dogs

Step 2: Go away! Trains dogs to run away on command.

Step 3: Combining Steps 1 and 2. Dog learn to run away upon smelling the snake.

Step 4: Using toy snakes, often combined with the scent, dogs learn to recognize snakes by sight.

Rattlesnake Training for Dogs

Step 5: Finally, the sound is added. Using maracas or phone apps to mimic the sound, dog learn to avoid use their hearing to avoid rattlesnakes.

For the remaining steps, and the final two weeks of class, a live rattlesnake is introduced to ensure the training has worked. Through repetitive positive reinforcement, dogs learn to run away as soon as they smell, see, or hear a rattlesnake.


Where To Find Positive Rattlesnake Avoidance Training

Positive reinforcement rattlesnake avoidance training is becoming more popular. In addition to Jamie’s course in Tucson, you can now find classes in Colorado, Las Vegas, Nevada, and Escondido, California.

If you don’t live close to one of these trainers, but have rattlesnakes in your area, look for a local positive-reinforcement trainer and ask if you can arrange private training that is appropriate for your dog.

For those confident in their training skills, you can also try an online course or start with Jaime’s booklet and flashcards on snake avoidance without shock.

Have you trained your dog to avoid rattlesnakes? How was your experience?

(Visited 31,516 times, 1 visits today)
    • That’s a great question, Doris! I’d recommend finding out if there is a local snake expert in your area and asking them. I live down in Bisbee and our local expert is Bill Schumacher “The Snake Guy” at 520-227-3597. Good luck!

  • I see a problem with this method: In the real world, whatever treat you have to offer will not always be of equal or greater excitement to the dog than a dangerous distraction will be. Not every dog is super food motivated, not every dog is super toy motivated, not every dog is super praise motivated. If the dog doesn’t deem the rewards you have to offer more exciting than the snake, and if your dog never learns that he should be afraid of the snake, you will have a disaster! My dog nearly died when she was bit by a rattlesnake 3 times in quick succession, and do you know why she was bit? She found the snake more interesting than her owner, and she never learned that it’s GOOD to FEAR dangerous distractions!

    • I’m so sorry that your dog was bitten, Elizabeth, and I understand your point. It’s important to remember that there is no one best method of training. Every dog is different, and how you choose to train has to be what’s best for your dog. Thanks for your note.

    • I’m sorry Judy – I have no idea where to buy it online. You might want to check for a person in your area who is certified to relocate snakes – that person might have more information. Good luck!

      • Hi Mark. I’m sorry to hear that your dog has been bitten by a snake. I hope he’s doing well. I’d only be guessing as to whether being bitten will help your pup avoid snakes in the future. Unfortunately, I have heard about dogs who’ve been bitten multiple times in their lives. But then, those might be unusual cases. I wish I could be more helpful, and I wish you both the best.

  • I am having a difficult time finding “real rattlesnake scent.” Where can I find this product?

    • That’s an excellent question, Victoria! I’d look to see if there is a wildlife specialist in your area. I know here in Arizona there is a person licensed by the state to remove venomous animals. If you can find someone similar in your area, they might have an idea of where to get rattlesnake scent. Good luck!

    • Hi Terri! I’m sorry, but I’m not aware of a snake avoidance trainer in that area. I’d recommend checking with your veterinarian or considering an on-line course. Good luck!

  • I live near Dallas Texas, does anyone do training like this around here? Wouldn’t be for rattlesnakes but for copperheads?

    • Hi Julia! Thanks for your note. Unfortunately, I’m not aware of any snake avoidance trainers in your area. Perhaps your veterinarian would have a recommendation?

  • I live in Palomino Valley North of Reno Nevada. Does anyone know someone locally who does this type of training?

    • Hi Celia, I just saw your post.
      If you’re still looking for a trainer I would recommend Dog Training by PJ. I don’t believe they offer this type of training, but they possibly could offer you some info.
      Here’s the link to their page. Hope this helps.

  • Category: Travel Tips / Tagged with: Health and Safety, Hiking